Growing population is the major issue in front of the whole world, some countries also fought against it just like China who adopted one child policy in recent past, however population is growing so rapidly at a rate of around 1.05 % per year, adding 81 million people per year to the total, and the total is now 7,774,976,982 which is projected to reach 8 billion in 2023, 9 billion in 2037, and 10 billion people in the year 2055. The population has doubled in 40 years from 1959 (3 billion) to 1999 (6 billion). One good thing is that growth rate is currently declining and is projected to continue to decline in the coming years (reaching below 0.50% by 2050, and 0.03% in 2100) . It was the year 1800 for world population to reach 1 billion, the second billion was achieved in only 130 years (1930), the third billion in 30 years (1960), the fourth billion in 15 years (1974), the fifth billion in 13 years (1987), the sixth billion in 12 years (1999) and the seventh billion in 12 years (2011). During the 20th century alone, the population in the world has grown from 1.65 billion to 6 billion.
Everday billions of dollars spend on this growing population and this expenditure is growing day by day as well. In public healthcare sector, whole world expenses around 8 billion dollars daily. In Public education sector, whole world expenses around 5 billion dollars daily. In Public military sector, whole world expenses around 3 billion dollars daily and this stat is growing day by day, expenditure is increasing day by day.
Goods production for this population
Since the population is increasing rapildy, so this population needs goods at large and these are some stats. Every day approx 2.5 lacs cars is being produced, approx 3.5 lacs bicycles is being produced everyday and approx 6 lacs computers is being produced everyday. When comes to media usage, for this population approx 4000 books is being published daily, approx 50 crores news papers is being circulated daily, approx 5.5 lacs televisions is being sold daily, approx 1 crore Cell phones is being sold daily, this population spends 50 crores dollars on video games daily.
Effects on environment
This growing population plays major role in degrading environment and natural resources and if this would not be controlled soon then surely humans would face end of this era shortly. Some of the stats are. Every day we are losing 10,000 hectares of forest daily, and this number is really very depressing, not only deforestation also CO2 emission is increasing day by day as well which is a tension for all us and the emission is approx 10 crore tons daily, not only here we stop ourselves we then go to toxic chemical released in the environment and this is approx 18 tons daily. And now we come to the one of the main natural resource for this population without this there will be no life and that is Water and here we (this population) is using 1 crore million litre water daily and still there are 82 crores people are those who dont have access to a safe drinking water resources. Another now here we comes to the total energy consumption daily and we are using 100 crore megawatt of energy daily (40 crore megawatt from non renewable sources) and (60 crore megawatt from renewable sources). Now lets come to the Natural Oil consumption and this is the real tension for whole of the world where stats shows that in next 43 years we will finish all of our natural oil, everyday world pumps 10 crore barrels of natural oil and till date total oil is left approx 16 lakh crore barrels. Lets come to the other natural resource and that is natural gas and yes it is real fact one day we will finish this natural resource as well, it will take around 153 years to finish natural gas which is fairly not less time if we consume this resource wisely and if we control this growing population stats. Another natural resource is coal which gives energy to many industries and it will take around 408 years to finish coal. if we wont control our population these number would deplete and it is quite sure that we will lose these natural resource earlier than given stats, so it is the demand of time that now we should control our population other wise the end of this era is not very far away.
Growing population: effect on health
This is the real fact, if the population would increase then diseases also would increase and yes it is increasing day by day and some of the stats are. Everyday approx 30,000 people dies due to any communicable disease (corona playing major role). Everyday approx 1290 people dies due to seasonal flu (any bacterial or viral flu). Everyday approx 10,000 children dies due to malnutrition. Everyday approx 16,000 people dies due to hunger (mostly in africa). Everyday apprx 3,000 people dies due to AIDS. Everyday approx 12,000 people dies due to Cancer (most common disease all over the world). Approx 15,000 people dies due to consumption of alcohol and cigarettes.
Just because of this gorwing population we are harming all our natural resources and the forests, actually we are inviting more and more diseases because of this growing population, in span of 10 to 20 years world get introduced with new viruses which is becoming stronger day by day like in 2004 SARs Virus came and lots of people died due to that Virus but that Virus could not be able to survive in warm conditions, so the world actually won against that virus. Then in 2012 MERs virus came in Saudi Arabia and again lot of people died because of that virus, tempreature had not any effect MERs virus but the Virus was not that much strong in communicable form and now we are facing pandamic of Corona virus and this time this virus is the strongest one, which has strongest communicable properties till now also where tempreatures does not play its role much, this virus actually infected the whole world 202 countries and 2 royal ships, approx 10 lakh people are now infected and approx 45,000 has dies just because of this Corona Virus and still there is no anti dote is being prepared to fight against this virus, only method to fight against this virus is lock down, here almost whole world is on lock down stage, economy is crashing, people dont have money, dont have food, whole world is surviving against this virus but still the world is not able to control this pandemic, no one knows where this virus would end, no one knows how many people would die because of this virus.
We would say population is actually a tension to whole of the world, every country should take measures to control this population, it is the need of time otherwise we can see the end of this era.